Porphyria is a rare disorder that is characterized by excessive accumulation of porphyrin, a compound that aids in the formation of heme (an essential part of hemoglobin that helps carry oxygen in blood). Any anomaly caused by genetic or acquired abnormalities in heme biosynthesis (produced majorly in bone marrow and liver) can result in toxicity. It is worth highlighting that, till date, more than 1,000 mutations that can cause porphyria have been identified.

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